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Computers And Automation Launches Its "Computer Art Contest"

The contest defines “computer art” as “examples of visual creativity in which a computer plays a dominant role.”

February 5, 1965

The Studiengalerie der Technische Hochschule Stuttgart presents the first-ever public exhibition of computer-generated images as art.

April 6, 1965

Manhattan’s Howard Wise Gallery presents this first American exhibition of computer art, featuring works by A. Michael Noll and Béla Julesz.

November 5, 1965

Galerie Wendelin Niedlich in Stuttgart presents the third exhibition of computer art, featuring works by Georg Nees and Frieder Nake.


Computer Technique Group (CTG) forms

Masao Komura, Haruki Tsuchiya, Kunio Yamanaka, and Junichiro Kakizaki found the Computer Technique Group (CTG) in Japan.


Founded by kinetic artist and aeronautical engineer Frank Malina, the journal will go on 1969 to publish important primary accounts and secondary scholarship in the field of digital art and art and technology more broadly.

This magazine dedicated to the theoretical links between computers and art is published by a group of artists related to the [Nove] tendencije (New Tendencies) movement.

ICA London presents the first major museum presentation of computer-generated images, films, sculptures, songs, and other creative forms, curated by Jasia Reichardt.


Groupe Art et Informatique de Vincennes (GAIV) founded

A group of young musicians and artists including Hervé Huitric and Manfred Mohr (joined later by Monique Nahas) found the Groupe Art et Informatique de Vincennes (GAIV).


September 16, 1970

Group Exhibition: Software

The Jewish Museum presents Software, which explores the importance of software as a metaphor for conceptual art.


May 11, 1971

Solo Exhibition: Manfred Mohr: Computer Graphics. Une esthétique programmée

Thanks to this presentation at the Musée d’Art Moderne de la Ville de Paris, Mohr becomes the first computer artist to have a solo museum exhibition.


David Ahl launches the first major magazine for computer hobbyists to promote the use of personal computers to create games, art, and other creative forms.

This organization, which presents an annual trade show for people working with computer graphics, is founded as part of the Association for Computing Machinery (ACM).


Publication of Artist and Computer

Ruth Leavitt’s anthology includes interviews with thirty-five leading computer artists, including Vera Molnár, Kenneth Knowlton, Charles Csuri, Manfred Mohr, Lillian Schwartz, and Hiroshi Kawano.


September 18, 1979

Launch of Ars Electronica

The longest-running media art festival launches in Linz. The organization will open its first year-round museum in 1996.


February 16, 1980

Artists’ Use of Telecommunications Conference

This conference at SFMOMA includes live global video links and leads to the launch of ARTBOX (later ARTEX), the first significant digital network for artists, which will support key projects throughout the 1980s.


Group Exhibition: 42nd Venice Biennale

The theme is “Art and Science,” and it includes the presentations “Technology and Informatics” and “Art and Computer.”


Ars Electronica launches the Prix Ars Electronica

Early categories include “Computer Graphics,” “Computer Animation,” “Computer Music,” and “Interactive Art.” A new category for net art is introduced in 1995, but is dropped in 2006.


Launch of ISEA (International Symposia on Electronic Arts)

These symposia (now organized by the ISEA Foundation) for organizations and individuals working with digital and other electronic arts are held in a different city every year.


ZKM | Zentrum für Kunst und Medien Karlsruhe is founded

Having moved into its current complex in 1997 and operating under the direction of Peter Weibel since 1999, ZKM has becoming a leading museum for digital and other forms of media art.



Wolfgang Staehle launches this BBS (Bulletin Board System) in New York City, which will become a hotbed of making and sharing online art, with nodes in multiple cites across Europe.


John Bothwick and Benjamin Weil found this platform for artists (including Lawrence Weiner and Jenny Holzer) to make and share experiments with the web.

Pit Schultz presents screenshots of projects in the Berlin nightclub Bunker, including works from Vuk Ćosić, JODI, Alexei Shulgin, and Heath Bunting, among others.


June 1, 1995

Geert Lovink and Pit Schultz launch this email list as part of the Club Berlin event at the Venice Biennale. The community would become associated with the term, which Schultz coined.

August 1, 1995

Douglas Davis’s website The World’s First Collaborative Sentence, 1994, is gifted to the museum by its collectors.


March 16, 1996

Postmasters gallery in New York City presents this group show of digital works (including one about cryptography), many available for purchase on floppy discs and CDs, becoming the first commercial gallery to support digital and net artists.

Developed by the Electronic Visualization Laboratory in Chicago and debuted at SIGGRAPH ’92, the CAVE will host around 50 virtual reality projects over the next 12 years.